|APSA Interactive Sessions|
Leading the discussion was Sallie Permar, MD, PhD, Associate Dean for Physician Scientist Development at Duke University, and David Aronoff, MD,
Director of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Vanderbilt University. This session was moderated by Jose Rodrigues, 2019-2020 APSA Co-Chair of Fundraising and 5th year DO-PhD student at Michigan State University, and Yentli Soto
Albrecht, 2nd year MD-PhD student at the University of Pennsylvania.
Are you interested in applying to a physician scientist training program (MD/PhD or DO/PhD)? Answers to questions regarding what to expect during the application process or what comes after acceptance may not always be readily available.
To help undergraduate and post-baccalaureate students considering these programs, we asked four program directors to provide their expertise on the application process and program overview, including discussions of what is a physician
scientist and what career opportunities are open to individuals pursuing this training pathway. Please join our keynote panelists: Michael ‘Kerry’ O'Banion, MD, PhD (University of Rochester); Lawrence ‘Skip’ Brass, MD, PhD (University of Pennsylvania); Dianna Milewicz, MD, PhD (University of Texas); and Christopher Williams, MD, PhD (Vanderbilt University). This session was moderated by Gina Calco, 2019-2020
APSA MD/DO-PhD Member-at-Large and 4th year MD-PhD student at Oregon Health & Science University.
Physician scientists at the resident/fellow/junior faculty level are particularly vulnerable to leaking out of the pipeline due to numerous factors including misalignment of economic incentives, challenges with getting grants,
and pressure to perform clinical duties. We discussed the current state of affairs for these early career physician scientists, optimal ways to support this cohort as they transition through their career stages, unique challenges
faced, ways we can help (advocacy, policy changes, etc), and the importance of diversity. Invited speakers were Francis Collins, MD, PhD,
Director of the NIH; Kay Lund, PhD, Director of the Division of Biomedical Research Workforce at the NIH; Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, MD, PhD,
vice dean for Population Health and Health Equity and chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at UCSF; Sindy Escobar Alvarez, PhD,
Senior Program Officer for Medical Research at Doris Duke Charitable Foundation; David Hafler, MD, Professor of Neurology and Immunobiology at Yale School of Medicine;
and Nancy J. Brown, MD, Dean of Yale School of Medicine. We also heard their responses to COVID-19 and learned strategies to mitigate research interruption. This
session was moderated by Jennifer M, Kwan, MD, PhD (Yale University School of Medicine; @jennkwanmdphd) and Evan Noch, MD, PhD (Weill Cornell; @evannoch).
Leaders from each of our standing and ad-hoc committees gave a brief summary of the accomplishments from this past year. President-elect Hannah Turbeville spoke on the future directions for this upcoming year.
In this interactive session we discussed the grant writing process and factors for success with experts Anita Corbett, PhD (Emory University)
and Yu (Woody) Lin, MD, PhD (National Institute on Drug Abuse). Both Drs.
Corbett and Lin spoke from their experiences evaluating, writing, and mentoring during this crash course on the F30/31. Dr. Lin in particular brought us a broad perspective on federal funding gained from his experience
working within the academic funding system; Dr. Corbett focused more on offering nitty-gritty, practical advice on preparing a winning proposal. Dr. Corbett developed and has taught a formal course on the F series grant
for about 20 years, and published a paper on the use of formal coursework to teach grant writing to PhD students.
Large advances are coming from industry/biotech sectors, from AI guided diagnoses/disease surveillance to developing novel CRISPR mediated diagnostics and therapeutics. In the first Resident, Fellow, & Jr. Faculty interactive session of 2020, we discussed the Ecosystem of Physician scientists and scientists in translating biomedical research discoveries and their important roles in industry/biotech sectors. With speakers Dr. Robin Lorenz, Dr. Trevor Martin, and Dr. Ming Jack Po.View Webinar Recording
Interested in learning more about research-integrated training residency programs and physician scientist training after medical school? Please see the following link of our second interactive session in our Physician Scientist Training Program Series, where we invite Program Directors in different medical specialties to discuss research-integrated training programs and directly answer your questions. In this session, we discussed Pediatric Scientist Training Programs and Research in Residency programs within Pediatrics, with keynote panelists Dr. Audrea Burns (Baylor College of Medicine), Dr. Will Parsons (Texas Children's Hospital), Dr. Fernando Gonzalez (University of California San Francisco School of Medicine), Dr. David Hunstad (Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine), Dr. Sallie Permar (Duke University School of Medicine), and Dr. Michael Hogarty (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia). Please see the following link for more information on the Pediatric Scientist Development Program: https://amspdc-psdp.org
Please see the following link of the interactive session where we discussed perspectives, pitfalls, and strategies for combating impostor syndrome. Tiffany Brown, PhD and Oana Tomescu, MD, PhD spoke as experts on the topic of psychology/wellness in the medical and biomedical research settings as it relates to impostor syndrome. These experts, despite different training backgrounds, support the psychological wellness of MD and PhD students at the University of Pennsylvania through individual counseling, curriculum, and programming. Dr. Brown and Dr. Tomescu defined impostor syndrome, discussed the interaction between multi-faceted underrepresented identities and impostor syndrome, explained how this phenomenon can play out differently during MD/DO and PhD training, and highlighted strategies trainees can use to combat impostor syndrome now and later in their careers.
Are you a single-degree student interested in conducting research without the extra years of a PhD? Already involved in research but looking to step your game up? Please see the following link for the interactive session on doing research during medical or allied health degree programs. Three single-degree MD students who have taken or are currently taking research years—Trevor Hunt, Andrew Gusev, and Ronnie Funk shared their advice, hindsight, lessons learned, and pro tips for all things research related in a low-stress environment. Moderated by Trevor Hunt (@TrevorHunt_ECU on Twitter). See the PowerPoint slides here.
ICCSTO Webinar with Dr. Blackstone on Scientific Collaboration & Transcending International Borders.
What is a PSTP/RiR program? How do I apply to these programs? In the first of a four part series exploring research-integrated post-graduate medical training programs among different medical specialties and sub-specialties, learn about the next steps for physician-scientists in Internal Medicine with guests Dr. Olujimi Ajijola, Dr. Patrick Hu, Dr. Caroline Sokol, and Dr. Robert Baiocchi.
Becoming #DoubleDoc Strong, MD/PhD Application Tips & Tricks.
We were joined by Bob Doherty, the Senior Vice President for Governmental Affairs and Public Policy of the American College of Physicians, to discuss how physician-scientists can influence public policy and highlight some current issues that have evidence-based support.
We were joined by Dr. Robert Baiocchi, the residency director for Internal Medicine at Ohio State University, and Dr. Audrea Burns, associate program director of the Pediatrician-Scientist Training & Development Program at Texas Children’s Hospital associated with Baylor College of Medicine. Dr. Baiocchi and Dr. Burns shared their insights on applying to and selecting a residency program for physician scientist trainees.
We had a conversation with Dr. Dianna Milewicz and about her path to becoming a successful physician scientist. Dr. Milewicz shared her experiences as well as some of the challenges facing physician scientist trainees today and in the future. In addition to featuring Dr. Milewicz' career, she was joined by Dr. Skip Brass for a discussion on the shortcomings in diversity in the physician scientist trainee pipeline. Listen here for insights on an interesting career as well as the rewards and challenges facing all of us training to be physician scientists.
Applying for a dual degree program, whether an MSTP or MD/PhD program, can be a stressful and sometimes confusing undertaking. Answers to questions regarding what to expect during the application process or what comes after acceptance may not always be readily available. To help undergraduate students considering these programs, we have asked three different program directors to provide their expertise on the application process and program overview. The three individuals provide insight on what makes a competitive candidate, what to consider before applying, and many other useful pieces of information. The answers from each program director to several key questions are listed here with the full discussion located on our interactive sessions page.
Search through the individual question responses and join the discussion at APSA's Medstro.
As the nation's premiere student-run organization devoted to the professional development of physician-scientists in training, APSA is committed to serving as the student physician-scientists' leading voice for improving educational opportunities, advancing patient-oriented research, and advocating for the future of translational medicine. Through its commitment, APSA regularly organizes Interactive Sessions between physician-scientist trainees and leading experts, allowing for discussions of a variety of topics ranging from the future of physician-scientist training to mentorship. Based on previous trainee requests and in an effort to expand resources available to trainees, on March 7th, 2017 organized a Grant Writing 101: Writing Your First Pre-Doctoral Fellowship Interactive Session.
Inviting two faculty experts, Dr. Yu Lin, from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, and Dr. Elizabeth Zelinksi, Professor of Gerontology and Psychology from the University of Southern California, we have provided the audio recording from the session for trainee access (see attached link) and Dr. Elizabeth Zelinski's slides from the session. As an addition resource for students, we have included an excel sheet summarizing success rates by institute as well as an F30/31 Writing Guide (both provided generously by Aimee Juan, the 2016-2017 APSA Institutional Representative from the University of Pennsylvania."
On February 29th, 2016 APSA hosted Dianna Milewicz, MD, PhD, President George Bush Chair in Cardiovascular Medicine and Director of the MD/PhD Program at the McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Dr. Milewicz is a member of the American Society of Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians and a prominent leader in cardiovascular genetics and academic medicine. Dr. Milewicz recently led the publication of a paper in the Journal of Clinical Investigation with leaders of other MD/PhD training programs. The piece, "Rescuing the physician-scientist workforce: the time for action is now", is a call for action on the future of the physician-scientist in American academic medicine. In this session, Dr. Milewicz discussed the role of MD/PhD programs in preparing physician-scientists for their careers, attrition in the physician-scientist training pipeline, diversity in the physician-scientist workforce, mentorship, and research in cardiovascular genetics. Key topics included the role of MD/PhD programs in preparing physician-scientists for their careers, attrition in the physician-scientist training pipeline, diversity in the physician-scientist workforce, mentorship, and research in cardiovascular genetics.
On January 26th, 2016 APSA hosted Alan Jones, MD, Professor and Chair of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. Dr. Jones oversees a large research program in emergency medicine at UMMC, serving as PI or Co-PI on four NIH grants and over $2 million in annual funding. Dr. Jones is a leader in emergency care research and served as the president of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine in 2013-2014. In this session, Dr. Jones discussed mentorship, clinical research training, research in emergency medicine, and the balance of clinical, research, and administrative responsibilities with personal commitments. Key topics included mentorship, clinical research training, research in emergency medicine, and the balance of clinical, research, and administrative responsibilities with personal commitments.
On January 12th, 2016 APSA hosted Kurt Weiss, MD, Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery and Director of the Cancer/Stem Cell Laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Dr. Weiss is an orthopaedic oncologist, which is a subspecialty of orthopaedic surgery that focuses on tumors of the soft tissue and bone. In addition to his busy clinical practice, Dr. Weiss conducts NIH K-award funded research investigating the metastatic potential of osteosarcoma. Among other topics, Dr. Weiss discussed work-life balance as a surgeon-scientist, K awards from the NIH, the importance of mentorship, the timeline of choosing a career research topic, and the transition from residency to a junior faculty position. Key topics included work-life balance as a surgeon-scientist, K awards from the NIH, the importance of mentorship, the timeline of choosing a career research topic, and the transition from residency to a junior faculty position.
On October 13th, 2015 APSA hosted Scott Nyberg, MD, PhD, Director of the Mayo Clinic Liver Support Program and a prominent transplant surgeon and physician-scientist. Dr. Nyberg leads a multidisciplinary effort to develop an artificial liver, combining interestes in engineering, medicine, and biological science. Key topics included the unique challenges of a career as a surgeon-scientist, the science of the bioengineered liver, and balancing life, science, and surgical clinic.
On March 16th, 2015 APSA was pleased to host Lawrence "Skip" Brass, MD, PhD, Director of the MSTP at the University of Pennsylvania, and Kerry O'Banion, MD, PhD, Director of the MSTP at the University of Rochester. Dr. Brass and Dr. O'Banion have extensive experience in the education of physician-scientists and shared their advice on the application and training process.
Among many other topics in the session, Drs. Brass and O'Banion discussed the application process for MD/PhD programs (interviews, letters of recommendation, preparation, etc.), the "successful" MD/PhD graduate, life as a physician-scientist, and the future outlook for physician-scientists.
On November 18th, 2014 APSA and the Student National Medical Association (SNMA) were pleased to host Dennis Spencer, MD, PhD, resident physician at the Lucille Packard Children's Hospital of Stanford University. Dr. Spencer has recently been inducted into the Stanford Society of Physician Scholars, joining other physician-scientists from across specialties with similar aims to unite scientific theory to their practice of medicine. He has also been afforded protected time away from the clinic during residency to continue his research in pediatric infectious diseases.
Outside the clinic and the lab, Dr. Spencer serves as a Co-Investigator with the Building the Next Generation of Academic Physicians (BNGAP) Initiative- a national initiative with the mission to diversify the academic medicine workforce. He also serves as the co-Principle Investigator of the SNMA Physician Researcher Initiative (PRI), where he has played a key role in procuring and managing the multi-year NIH R13 grant supporting the initiative’s annual workshop track during their National Conference. The PRI seeks to educate SNMA’s membership about careers as physician researchers and to establish a network of mentors that will initiate and enhance students’ research experiences. In so doing, more underrepresented minorities may be prepared to enter fields that combat health disparities by engaging in clinical, epidemiological and translational research.
Among many other topics in the session, Dr. Spencer discussed research-track residency programs, how to balance leadership and service commitments with other training responsibilities, the pros and cons of completing an MD/PhD program as opposed to an MD-only program, and the importance of fostering diversity in the physician-scientist workforce.
On October 6th, 2014 APSA was pleased to host Alice Chen-Plotkin, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Chen-Plotkin has participated in a number of significant discoveries in neurology, including the discovery of TDP43 as the disease-associated protein for frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and TMEM106B as a novel risk factor in FTD. Dr. Chen-Plotkin has received numerous awards including a Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship for New Americans, a Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award for Medical Scientists, a Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Clinician Scientist Development Award, and the American Academy of Neurology Jon Stolk Award in Movement Disorders. To know more about Dr. Chen-Plotkin’s work and family, please visit her profile.
She shared her thoughts on a career in academic medicine and her perspectives as a junior physician-scientist. Listen to the conversation below, hosted by the Membership Committee's Annie Hsieh.
On September 8, 2014, APSA was pleased to host Ken Kaushansky, MD, Vice President, Health Sciences and Dean of the School of Medicine at Stony Brook. Dr. Kaushansky spoke of his unorthodox entry into a career in medical research, explained why he went over to "the dark side" and became a dean (and why you might want to consider administrative work), and gave some of the key influences and experiences that have shaped his long and successful career. Listen to the conversation below, hosted by Peter Mittwede, Membership Chair (2014-2015). Key topics also included a physician-scientist career as an MD with no PhD and balancing the many demands of a physician-scientist career.
On July 28, 2014, APSA was pleased to host Robin Lorenz, MD, PhD, Director of the MSTP, Assistant Dean of Physician-Scientist Education, and Associate Director of the Pathology Residency Training Program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). Dr. Lorenz spoke of her career and its highlights, answered questions from APSA members on incorporating administrative work into a physician-scientist career, and shared advice for undergraduates interested in applying to MD/PhD programs. Listen to the conversation below, hosted by Peter Mittwede, Membership Chair (2014-2015). Other key topics included MSTP admissions and incorporating administrative work into a physician-scientist career.
On June 23, 2014, APSA was pleased to host Francis Collins, MD, PhD, Director of the NIH, for a live interactive session. Dr. Collins answered questions submitted by APSA members and gave his perspectives on the exciting future of biomedical science and the role of physician-scientists in promoting it. Listen to the conversation below, hosted by Peter Mittwede, Membership Chair (2014-2015).
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